According to annual report on lower limb injury, 10.4 million injuries in America are issues with the knee. They are the main reason we can actually walk, run, jump and make other movements. Your knees are responsible for flexion, extension, slight internal and external rotations. Although knees are a sturdy and complex joint of the body, they are susceptible to frequent injuries.
Common causes of knee pain:
Arthritis is a leading cause of knee pain and discomfort. It affects not only knee joints, but also other surrounding structures, such as ligaments, tendons and muscles.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis in the knee which affects the entire joint with joint lining, ligaments, cartilage and underlying bone. It is caused by the gradual degeneration of the cartilage in the joint due to aging and wearing out.
Sometimes arthritis can be represented by rheumatoid arthritis—a joint disorder that caused destruction of the surrounding cartilage and a lot of pain. All forms of arthritis have similar symptoms: pain, swelling, locking joints and stiffness.
Knee pain can also be caused by cartilage injuries that usually occur in skiers, runners, soccer, football players and cyclists. Overtime the knee cap cartilage can soften which makes your knees more prone to injuries.
Iliotibial Band Syndrome
Iliotibial Band Syndrome is a common knee injury, generally associated with weight-lifting, running, cycling and hiking. It caused inflammation of a tendon. The tendon then starts rubbing over the outer knee bone causing pain and various burning sensations.
Sometimes the posterior and anterior cruciate ligaments get sprained and cause a lot of acute pain. These types of injuries are caused by a blow to the outer side of the knee that affects the inner side of the knee by stretching and tearing the ligament. Ligament injuries are common after car accident, hockey and soccer games. Meniscus Injuries Meniscus injuries can be very painful and are caused by quick rotations or twists of the upper leg or constant repetitive rotations of the knee.
Osgood-Schlatter Disease is an irritation of the patellar ligament and surrounding soft tissues. The tendon that is attached to the tibia can become inflamed and cause a lot of pain. Younger, pre-adolescent boys can be more susceptible for this knee injury.
Tendon injuries can be caused by various reasons: from a ruptured, torn tendon to tendonitis. They are caused by tendon getting stretched and then inflamed.
Referred pain, or reflective pain, is a pain perceived at a location different than the actual painful stimulus. It can result from various factors, such as low back facet joints, nerve compression in the lower back, biomechanical dysfunction, sacroiliac and hit joints to name a few.
When should I get Chiropractic treatment?
Some conditions can disappear quickly, but if the pain or other pain-related symptoms persist, you have to visit a doctor for professional examination.
If you live with day-today pain in your knee and it limits your everyday activities, if you have been on pain-killers or anti-inflammatory drugs for a long time, but there is no positive effect, if you have knee pain and can’t use full range of motion and if you were told the conventional medicine is helpless, a chiropractic visit is a must!
Chiropractic treatment may be the answer.
As I mentioned earlier, a human’s knee is very complex joint of the body that relies on muscles and ligaments for stability. This is why when you come to our office with knee pain; we carefully examine all the anatomical components that may be involved. Don’t be surprised if we will examine your lower back, ankles, feet, hips and pelvis to properly diagnose the cause and find the right treatment plan.
What kind of treatment can I expect?
Every patient is different, as well as every case is. In our office we develop a personalized treatment plan that is right for you including your other medical conditions, age and lifestyle.
The typical treatment will include three main stages: reduce joint inflammation and pain; normalize joint function and enroll you in the right rehabilitation program.
The first stage will include avoiding aggravating factors, using support to do activities, use ice to reduce inflammation and muscle spasm, employing interferential therapy and ultrasound.
During the second stage we will use specific chiropractic manipulation techniques to improve the functionality and reduce pain.
And finally the rehabilitation program will include all the necessary strength, endurance and stability exercises for the joint to recover quickly and prevent future injuries.